Participants were not required to sign the consent form since this was a web-based survey. Bergstrand and Williams explored for the presence of abuse or dysfunctional family backgrounds in the histories of their sample. Gould argued that swinging was perceived by a large part of the general population as a morally depraved behavior, a threat to the institution of marriage and the fabric of the family unit Gould, Thus, commitment seems to be based on an individual's cognitive evaluation of the love relationship. The typical swinger in this study was 39 years old, had two years of college education, had been married 1. By removing the necessity for deceit from the relationship, a new level of trust and openness about all of one's feelings is supposedly achieved without the destructive baggage of jealousy.
To avoid "prank" responses from non-swingers the questionnaire was not accessible to any Internet search engines. NASCA, an official national swingers organization, endorsed the research and gave final approval to the questions used on the survey. Logically, it could be expected that men that engage in swinging activities would be dissatisfied with their marriage and would show low levels of sexual satisfaction as well. Instead, the study found that what mattered most was the goal individuals had going into a relationship. However, the type of monogamy practiced by humans is often more of a serial monogamous process rather than a life-long pair bond Buss, ; b. Since there is little information regarding how individual male and female swingers evaluate their swinging experience, this study considers individual men and women swingers and not couples. If swingers have found a way to stabilize relationships, prolong family ties, and enrich the lives of couples we would be remiss if we did not take their lifestyle and their redefinition of monogamous love seriously. The chapter starts with an overview of literature on marriage, infidelity, and the social repercussions encountered by individuals that deviate from accepted social norms. Both Bergstrand and Williams and Jenks suggest that swinging activities have been on the rise in the past decade. Significant differences were found between the two groups, with swingers showing higher levels of happiness than married couples in the general population. The SSS was used to measure relationship sexual satisfaction of the participants. As well, the attitudes and behaviors of the sample within the swinging context are examined. Thus, the purpose of this study is to gather information about male and female swingers, to determine the level of marital and sexual satisfaction, to evaluate attitudes towards swinging activities, and to explore the relationship between attitudes and behaviors. Perhaps swinging in America reflects behaviors that were accepted and encouraged in other societies. The difference between rewards and costs compares favorably; that is, there is equality between the partners in their exchange of rewards and costs. In addition, the sample does not represent a true probability sample since it was not obtained through randomization but rather self-selected. Donnelly researched the frequency of sex within the marital context. The emerging movie industry furthered progress in the rebellion against Victorian era morals because films started depicting women owning their sexuality, a trend that has continued into current cinema. The names and Web addresses of the participating sites will remain anonymous as part of an agreement between the researcher and those sites for confidentiality. In the s, investigations of alternative lifestyles, such as that conducted by the Groves Conference on Marriage and the Family, which examined non-traditional family forms and personal living arrangements and lifestyles such as cohabitation and stepfamilies, became mainstream topics of scholarly research for a short period. Swinging sexual activity can take place in a sex club, also known as a swinger club not to be confused with a strip club. Research in the 's seemed to be geared towards viewing swingers as marginalized people Walshok, ; Gilmartin, ; Palson and Palson, Marriage and Family Attitudes Swingers were also very typical of the general population in the U. This trading of sexual favours It explains the theoretical foundations for the study, details the methodological approach to hypothesis testing, and explains the development of the research instrument.
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