Along with New Zealand, Australia became the second country in the Asia-Pacific region to to make same-sex marriage legal. In addition to allowing same-sex couples to wed, the measure gives churches and other religious groups the option of deciding whether or not they want to conduct such marriages. Hinduism , without a sole leader or hierarchy , allowed some Hindus to accept the practice while others were virulently opposed. In this view, such relationships are intrinsically worthy while also quite distinct from though not incompatible with activities associated with the bearing or raising of children. In contrast, the acceptance of same-sex partnerships was particularly apparent in northern Europe and in countries with cultural ties to that region. Previously, voters in 32 states had consistently voted to limit same-sex marriage. And in , the country enacted a law allowing gay couples in registered partnerships the right to adopt children. The issue of same-sex marriage frequently sparked emotional and political clashes between supporters and opponents. In addition, the law leaves it up to other religious groups to determine whether or not to allow same-sex weddings in its churches.
By the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the perspectives of one or more of the world religions— Buddhism , Hinduism , Judaism , Islam , and Christianity —and their associated civil practices were often invoked during national discussions of same-sex marriage. Minnesota passed a law allowing same-sex marriage in May But the Church of Norway changed course and began sanctioning same-sex weddings in early Most same-sex marriage advocates further held that international human rights legislation provided a universal franchise to equal treatment under the law. In other countries, decisions on same-sex marriage were effectively turned over to individual states or districts. In , the parliament also granted same-sex partners the right to adopt children. Colombia On April 28, , Colombia became the fourth country in Catholic-majority South America to legalize same-sex marriage, following Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. In some parts of the world, such as those plagued by war or natural disasters, same-sex marriage is simply not an urgent matter. Similarly, shortly after Brazil legalized same-sex civil unions in , the Supreme Federal Court ruled that sexual orientation could not be a pretext for denying a couple the legal protections of marriage, although it stopped short of specifically authorizing same-sex marriage at the federal level. As countries began to legalize same-sex partnerships, public opinion , particularly in Europe, began to shift in favour of full marriage rights for same-sex unions. Barack Obama , who during his initial years in office had endorsed only civil unions for same-sex couples, in May became the first sitting U. Proponents of the first view believe that the primary goal of marriage is to provide a relatively uniform social institution through which to produce and raise children. The Unitarian Universalist churches and the gay-oriented Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches fully accepted same-sex marriage. In Canada became the first country outside Europe to pass legislation legalizing same-sex marriage. By the following decade, polls indicated that roughly one-half of British citizens approved of legalizing same-sex marriage in the United Kingdom ; such marriages were legalized in England and Wales in , and Scotland followed suit in In many cultures the exchange of some form of surety, such as bride service, bridewealth , or dowry , has been a traditional part of the marriage contract. In June , the New York Assembly passed legislation allowing same-sex marriage. Same-sex marriage around the world The table provides a list of countries that have legalized same-sex marriage, as well as selected countries that offer some other legal status for same-sex couples. The law allows gays and lesbians to marry in both religious and civil ceremonies, but it does not require clergy to officiate at such ceremonies. Although Muslim and conservative Christian groups continue to oppose the law, same-sex marriage is widely accepted by the Dutch public. In spite of vigorous opposition from the Catholic Church and evangelical Protestant churches, the measure passed both houses of the Argentine legislature and was signed into law by President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. Sweden In April , the Swedish parliament voted by an overwhelming majority to legalize same-sex marriage. At the beginning of the 21st century a clear majority of the U. The court ruled that the Vermont General Assembly must decide how to provide these benefits and protections, either by legalizing marriage for same-sex couples or by establishing an alternative system. The largest religious group in the country, the Lutheran-affiliated Church of Norway, initially voted to prohibit its pastors from conducting same-sex weddings.
Video about legislation of same sex marriage:
Argentina Legalizes Gay Marriage
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